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Policy instruments for Pollution Abatement

4.0 Policy instruments for Pollution Abatement
4.1 Policy statement for abatement of pollution
4.2 National Conservation Strategy and Policy Statement on Environment and Development
4.3 Environment Action Programme

4.0 Policy instruments for Pollution Abatement
Environment Policy for industry in India, till recently, had focussed mainly on pollution control through end-of-pipe treatment, which itself is wasteful whereby pollutants are often transferred from one media to another media through the various treatment processes. Huge quantities of resources and energy are thus consumed during such treatment processes. With due recognition to the future raw material and energy scenario, the impact that the industry and its products have on the natural resource base and the environmental quality and the necessary thrust being given to the industrial growth in the country, the Ministry of Environment and Forests has formulated comprehensive policies for promoting sustainable development. It is against this background that the Ministry of Environment and Forests issued a comprehensive Policy Statement for abatement of pollution and development of the National Conservation Strategy. Recently, MoEF has also prepared the Environment Action Programme. The statement has made a welcome attempt to shift the emphasis of policy from definition of objectives to practical questions of actual implementation. The salient features of the policy framework are discussed here

4.1 Policy statement for abatement of pollution
The overall policy objective is to integrate environmental considerations into decision making at all levels. The policy aims at

- Prevention of pollution at source
- Encouraging, developing and applying the best available practicable technical solutions"
- Ensuring that the polluter pays for the pollution and control arrangements
Focusing on the protection of the heavily polluted areas and river stretches and - Involvement of the public in decision making

4.2 National Conservation Strategy and Policy Statement on Environment and Development
It has been set out with the following priorities:
- Conservation of natural resources - Land and Water
- Prevention and control of atmospheric pollution including noise pollution
- Industrial Development by using a mix of promotional and regulatory steps

4.3 Environment Action Programme
It sets out the following priority areas :
- Control of industrial and related pollution with emphasis on reduction and / or management of wastes particularly hazardous wastes.
- Tackling urban environmental issues
- Strengthening scientific understanding of environmental issues as well as establishing a structure for training at different levels, orientating and creating environmental awareness, focusing on resource assessment / conservation, water management problems etc.

In all these policies, emphasis is on prevention of pollution and conservation of natural resources which will enable Indian Industry to compete in the international market.

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