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2.0 Organising Interactive Workshop(s)
2.1 Interactive Workshops
2.1.1 Preparation
2.1.2 Organization

2.0 Organising Interactive Workshop(s)
2.1 Interactive Workshops

Workshops provide a stimulating learning environment where people with a wide range of experiences and skills can join together to address practical problems beyond the ability of an individual to resolve

Interactive workshops use a combination of several techniques to bring about a deeper and more pragmatic learning experience than is possible with a lecture style format.

Workshops also provide excellent opportunities for exchanging personal experiences, problem solving through panel sessions and direct consultations with experts, and discussing some of the complex situations which surround most environmental problems.

The UNEP workshop format incorporates the following elements.
· Sending out pre-workshop reading material, with some simple exercises
· Preparation of a country report by each participant before the workshop.
· Short introductory or overview lectures on key issues
· Practical problem solving work exercises on case studies
· Feedback by experts and discussions on workshop exercises
· Panel sessions (that is, question-answer dialogues) with experts
· Individual study sessions, computer quizzes, and so on
· Structured oral presentations of country reports leading to a regional overview
· Audiovisuals such as videos, films and slides
· Field visits where appropriate
· Personal action planning by participants for follow up activity.

2.1.1 Preparation
Sessions need to be carefully prepared, with trainer as well as participants knowing in advance what they intend and what they expect from the programme. A proper linkage in the sessions is must and shall be planned accordingly. It cannot be overstressed how important it is that participants should be thoroughly prepared for the workshops. And that all the pre-workshop activities have been completed.

2.1.2 Organization
The organisation of working group sessions also requires care. Groups should first meet informally, elect their own chairman or leader and then act as a permanent team in various workshop sessions while working groups. Care shall be taken that group is heterogeneous and preferably from different organizations and background. They are guided but not instructed by technical experts.

It is useful to finish the workshop by preparing personal action plans. Participants should develop and present their proposals for what they can initiate immediately on their return home. Such action includes:

· what they can achieve unassisted, and
· what else they could achieve if some assistance were available.

The role of resource experts as advisors is crucial. They should have sufficient experience to assist in all sessions and provide general advice on all subjects in workshops, discussion or panel sessions. They should not, however, dominate the workshops.

The five day format is ideal for covering all these requirements. If less than five days is taken, you can be sure that important issues will be left out. If more time is available, consider inclusion of social events and private study sessions, along with more extensive project work for the participants.

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