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CHAPTER - 7
F. CLEANER PRODUCTS
Green Products by Design: Choices for a Cleaner Environment, Office of Technology Assessment. Washington- USA, 1992.
This background report analyses and evaluates the opportunities and constraints for greener products. It argues for a systems view to cleaner products. In addition it provides and evaluates a wide array of policy options to promote the design and development of cleaner products.
Fava J. et atl. A Technical Framework for Life Cycle Assessments. Workshop Report. Society of Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry, Washington D.C 1991.
This report contains the first description of a framework for Life Cycle Assessments. The proposed division in three, district, but interrelated steps (life cycle inventory. life cycle impact assessment and life cyclc improvement analysis) is still widelv accepted.
Product Life Cycle Assessment: Principles and Methodology. Report to the Nordic Council of Ministry.Stockholm 1992, ISBN 92 9120 012 3.
This report is based on a comparative evaluation, or meta level review of a series of life cycle. The results are among others used to identify areas for methodology development.
Heijungs. Ret al, Manual for Life Cycle Assessments of Products. Center for Environmental Studies, State Universitv of Leiden. The Netherlands. 1992, ISBN 90 - 5191-063-3.
This Manual sets a standard for the execution of a full scale life cycle assessment of products.
Life Cycle Design Manual: Environmental Requirements and the Product System- US Environmental Protection Agency, Cincinnati 1993
This manual seeks to promote the reduction of environmental impacts and health risks through a Systems approach to design. Life cycle design emphasises integrating the environmental requirements into the earliest phases of design and successfully balancing these requirements with all other necessary performance costs, cultural, and legal criteria.